Robert and David were preparing to have a water balloon fight. "No Fair" cried Robert, "You have 3 times as many as I do!" David said "Fine!" and gave Robert 10 more balloons. "Still not fair!" argued Robert, "You still have twice as many as I do." How many more balloons must David give Robert for them to have the same number?
Mrs. Jones was very proud of her apple tree. One autumn, after harvesting her apples, she called her three sons together. "Here are 150 apples," she said. "I want you to take them to the market tomorrow and sell them for me." She gave Paul 15 apples, Nick 50, and Ben 85. "Your job," added Mrs. Jones, "is to sell the apples in such a way that each of you brings home the same amount of money." How do they do it?
John noticed that the amount he was paying for his lunch was a rearrangement of the digits of the amount of money he had in his pocket, and that the money he had left over was yet another rearrangement of the same three digits! How much money did John start with?